Urfa biber (also known as isot pepper) is a dried Turkish chili pepper of the type Capsicum annuum cultivated in the Urfa region of Turkey. It is often described as having a smoky, raisin-like taste. Urfa biber is technically a red (chili) pepper, ripening to a dark maroon on the plant.
The peppers go through a two-part process, where they are sun-dried during the day and wrapped tightly at night. The night process is called 'sweating', and works to infuse the dried flesh with the remaining moisture of the pepper. The result is an appearance ranging from deep purple to a dark, purplish black with chocolate notes. Urfa biber is less spicy than many other chili peppers, but provides a more lasting build of heat.
Heat: 30,000–50,000 SHU on the Scoville scale.
Traditionally used in Turkey in meat and savoury foods.